Thursday, June 06, 2013

TTS Assignment

TTS? What's it anyway? well, it stands for Tint-Tone-Shade.

TTS assignment is pretty straightforward. It is one assignment that nearly all students can score perfect grade. Students are required to choose 1 hue from the twelve (based on a 12-hue color wheel). Then tints and shades the hue into different values and tones it into duller hues (unsaturated). So, you might wonder : What the hell is this "tint, tone and shade"?

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Let's begin with a brief lecture :)

So, the first T stands for Tint which means adding WHITE to a hue.
Tinting will change the value of a hue (to a higher value) as well as the intensity of the color. It will impact the color intensity but not in a very significant way like toning OR adding complimentary colors (will be discussed in the next assignment). Adding white to a hue will dull the color but it will not break the color (which means if it's in a green family, it will always remain in a green family).
Tinting colors often looks like Pastel.

Let's move to S first. It actually stands for Shade. A shade is simply any colors mixed with BLACK.
Shading will change the value of a hue (darken the value) and yes, the saturation (intensity) of the color. Shading will dull your color just like tinting and toning.

And finally, the middle T which is a little bit special. Toning means adding gray to a pure hue. Toning will greatly impact the color intensity. Toning will make the pure color look very dull from the pure hue.

Let's get some visual images to better understand the terms. 
Below are two paintings (Self-Portrait) by Van Gogh.

Vincent Van Gogh, Selbstporträt, 1889, Oil on Canvas, 25.6 x 21.3 inch
As we can see, blue is used excessively in his self-portrait above. Notice that almost all areas are tints of some hues. The tints of blue  make up lots of the area of his painting. Also notice that Van Gogh used tinted blue-green in several areas. Not much shading and toning are happening in his above artworks.

Vincent Van Gogh, Selbstporträt, 1888, Oil on Canvas, 15.7 x 12.2 inch
In this second painting, you can see tones of several hues in some areas. Van Gogh toned the green (a little bit to blue-green) for the background. Tinting happens is some areas (such as the shirt). Shading also exist in some areas here but the artist played with complements a lot to form more expressive darker colors in some areas.

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Overview of My TTS.

Title: Tints, Tones, Shades

Materials and tools:
- acrylic paints
- watercolor paper
- 8.5" x 11" Bristol board
- pencil, eraser, ruler
- scissor, knife, cutting pad
- painting equipment (brush, pallete, pallete knife)
- rubber cement and its pick-up

1. Select one color from the 12-hue color wheel. Select one except YELLOW. Highly advisable: use a MID-VALUE hue.

2. As shown above (my project) :

  • Adding the white to the selected hue, create three very distinct tints (play with the value).
  • Adding the black to the hue, create three very different shades (pay with the value as well).
  • Adding the gray of SAME VALUE as your hue (refer to Value Scale), create three visibly different tones ( play with saturation).
3. Each module must be cut out into 1" x 1.5" chips and spacing between each module is 1/8".


Not much to say in this assignment. It's pretty easy :p
Just remember to not use Yellow because if you are to shade the yellow, it will turn into greenish yellow. One more: Don't choose Violet, Blue-Violet and Red-Violet and (perhaps) Blue! Tinting would yield a very good result but when you shade them, you will cry. Why? You need 3 shades here and they must be distinct! When it comes to shading the dark values of each hue will not give you three very different shades.

Note that the pigments used in this class are
Quinacridone Red, Hansa Yellow Light, Phthalo BlueTitanium White and Carbon Black

*If you use other pigments, the result of the mixture (colors) will be different.

Next Assignment: Subduing Complements


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