Saturday, May 18, 2013

Value Scale Assignment

And as promised, here is my Value Scale Assignment.

Value Scale is a... difficult assignment. Yes it is pretty much a difficult one! The second assignment but a very tough one, I can say. I have to train my eyes to see the values of each colors and the way to see the difference of values of each color is to look at the corresponding gray scale. Believe it or not, if you don't possess a good pair of eyes, you will be having a very hard time distinguishing the value of the colors.

Tell you, first try, I got three chips placed and matched wrongly with the black-white value scale and scored 8.75!! I was like WTH! Three chips ruin my project drastically and this is the lowest score I have ever gotten. I was so disappointed until she said, "You can resubmit it after you have re-positioned the chips :)" Ah! That's a relieve. Indeed! I don't want to end up with a B for my art project!
Then, second try, guess what? I matched all the chips accurately and so scored a 10. Wihiiiii :)


Now a very brief lecture about Value, do you mind:p

  • the degree of lightness/brightness.
  • a.k.a Luminance or Luminosity.
  • used to create an illusion of 3D space [creates form].
  • used to create the atmospheric perspective.
  • used to create the sense of movement, to increase (or decrease) contrast, etc.

Value in 12-colors:
Yellow is generally considered the highest key [Value Step : 1 - 1.5 from 10 steps]
Blue is generally considered the lowest key [Value Step : 9.5 - 10 from 10]
it depends on the pigments used anw.In my case, it's blue-violet which is the lowest key.
Term used:
High Key - Values above a mid-tone [lighter].
Low Key - Values below a mid-tone [darker].
mid-tone - Values in between the high key and low key.

Misty Landscape by Don Macauley (
In the above image, high key values are used on the background and very low keys are used for the foreground. The use of very different values makes it feel like the trees (foreground) seem so close to us while the things happening behind the trees seem so far. This is known as atmospheric perspective.

El Salvador Mountains by Andrew Griffith (
The use of mid-key values makes up most of the background. Low value [approx. 8.5-9/10] is used for the foreground. The value begin to shift from low to low-mid to mid as it goes further. Again, the proper use of values creates the illusion of depth in a space.

[some] girls doing the night swimming thing by andrijbulba (

And.. You can see that the low key values make up almost all the entire image. A very strong dark (very low key) is used in the foreground and low key is used for the background as well. It does create the sense of depth (although the values here don't play much in creating the atmospheric perspective).


Overview of My Value Scale.
Original Version
Black White Version

Title: The Relationship between pure hues and values.

Materials and tools:
- Acrylic paint (RYB Only) - for the colored chips
- Acrylic paint (BW Only) - for the even-progression of 11 BW value steps)
- Watercolor paper
- 8.5" x 11" Bristol board
- pencil, eraser, rulers
- Scissors, knife, cutting pad
- Rubber cement and its remover

1. Create an 11-step BW value which shows even progression (meaning the shifting from white to black is even, no jumps). Cut each of them out into 1" x .75" chips

2. Create the 12 colored chips (Primaries, Secondaries and Tertiaries). Cut each out into a 1" x .75" chip as well.

3. (shown above) Align the BW chips on the left hand side and glue the hues on the right side so that they match the appropriate value. Some might align between two values (in the middle)

4. Number each of the BW chips :)


Not much to say in this assignment. Well, all I can say is you need a pair of good eyes here :) And one more thing to mention is that everyone value scale is DIFFERENT. Don't be surprised to see that everyone's value scales are different. No one can create and mix the same secondaries and tertiaries. Even primaries can be very different (it depends on how many coats a person layers and how much water a person puts into their paint).
n.b. The more coats one layers, the darker the value is.

Next Assignment: TTS(TINT-TONE-SHADE)


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